All About Ohio Valley Chapter 22 Meetings

Our meetings are scheduled for the third Wednesday of each month 

except for July and August.

We meet in the Redwood Building at Camp Lutherlyn 

at 6:30 pm for social time. 

The program begins at 7 pm.

Our Next Meeting

Wednesday, September 19, 2018


Speaker: Hannah Harvey

Cultural Resources GIS Specialist and Archaeological Outreach Coordinator, PHMC, State Historic Preservation Office.  

New Developments in Site Recording in Pennsylvania

Hannah will be speaking to us about site recording and a new form that has been developed for recording sites.  Hannah spoke at a North Fork Chapter meeting and her presentation is interesting and informative.  She will also be able to answer questions you might have about the process of recording sites and any other issues regarding the recordation of archaeological sites.

Guests are welcome!


Watch for additional announcements here and on our Facebook Page!  

Our meetings are always free and open to the public!

It is time to pay your 2019 dues!

Thanks to all who have already paid.



Laura DeYoung


Amanda Valko


Brian Fritz

Last Meeting, May 16, 2018


Speaker: Dr. William Johnson

Member, Allegheny Chapter 1

The Campbell Farm Site (36Fa26): A Retrospective Look, 1972-1975 1978-1979

This is an interesting program about a prehistoric site that Dr. Johnson did extensive work on during his earlier years as an archaeologist.

Upcoming Meeting Dates

Plan to attend!

19 September 2018


Speaker: Hannah Harvey

Cultural Resources GIS Specialist and Archaeological Outreach Coordinator, PHMC, State Historic Preservation Office.  

New Developments in Site Recording in Pennsylvania

Hannah will be speaking to us about site recording and a new form that has been developed for recording sites.  Hannah spoke at a North Fork Chapter meeting and her presentation is interesting and informative.  She will also be able to answer questions you might have about the process of recording sites and any other issues regarding the recordation of archaeological sites.

17 October 2018

Speaker TBA

21 November 2018

Speaker TBA

19 December 2018

Annual Chapter 22 Holiday Party

16 January 2019

Annual Movie Night

20 February 2019

Annual "Show and Tell"

20 March 2019

Speaker TBA

17 April 2019

Spaeker TBA

15 May 2019

Speaker TBA

19 June 2019

Annual Chapter 22 Picnic

Past Chapter 22 Ohio Valley Meetings

19 September 2018

Speaker: Hannah Harvey, Cultural Resources GIS Specialist and Archaeological Outreach Coordinator, PHMC, State Historic Preservation Office.  

New Developments in Site Recording in Pennsylvania

Hannah will be speaking to us about site recording and a new form that has been developed for recording sites.  Hannah spoke at a North Fork Chapter meeting and her presentation is interesting and informative.  She will also be able to answer questions you might have about the process of recording sites and any other issues regarding the recordation of archaeological sites.

JULY and AUGUST, 2018

No meetings held

20 June 2018 

Annual Chapter 22 Picnic 

16 May 2018 

Speaker: Dr. William Johnson, Member, Allegheny Chapter 1

The Campbell Farm Site (36Fa26): A Retrospective Look, 1972-1975 1978-1979

This is an interesting program about a prehistoric site that Dr. Johnson did extensive work on during his earlier years as an archaeologist.

18 April 2018 

Two videos from an Archaeology Film Festival organized by a member of Allegheny Chapter #1. 

Bog Bodies

Director: Rébecca Boulanger

Producer : Scientifilms

France, 2015, 26 min.

Since the 17th century, more than a thousand mummies, mostly from the Iron Age between 800 and 100 BC, have been discovered in the bogs of northern Europe.  This acidic, moist and organic soil promotes the conservation of bodies, hence their exceptional state of conservation, which allows scientists to better understand these civilizations, which have left no written traces.  The men of the peat bogs are bodies offered to the gods, the only witnesses in Europe of human sacrifices, men of the people, but also kings. (Les Docus, 2016).

AWARDS and SCREENINGS:  Best Short Film Award, Amiens Archaeology Film Festival, France, 2016.

ABOUT THE DIRECTOR: Dr. Rebecca Boulanger has directed more than 75 documentaries all focused on a very common topic: discovering the value of human beings wherever they live. As a director, she wants to tell stories about ordinary people, as a universal inspiration in terms of hope and humanism.


Neanderthal at Bruniquel

Director: Luc-Henri Fage

Producers : Felis Productions, CNRS Image

France, 2016, 8 min.  

The recent discovery of broken stalagmites arranged in circles in the Bruniquel Cave (southwestern France) indicate that humans started occupying caves much earlier (more than 100 millennia) than previously thought.  These man-made structures also rank among the very first in human history and traces of fire show that Neanderthals knew how to use it to navigate dark and enclosed spaces, well before Homo sapiens.

ABOUT THE DIRECTOR: Luc-Henri Fage, born 1957.  Documentary filmmaker, cameraman, editor.  Photographer, journalist.  Caver, explorer.  Many expeditions in Indonesia since 1988 (crossing west/east Kalimantan, crossing south/north Papua), discover of the rock art of Kalimantan (many expeditions from 1992 to 2006).  Rolex Award in 2000 for the discovery of Kalimantan Rock Art.  Author of many documentaries movies (science and exploration) and books.

21March 2018 

Speaker: Ken Burkett, North Fork Chapter 29

The Chickoree Hill Pictograph Site 

This is possibly the only known pictograph site in Pennsylvania. 

21 February 2018 

Annual "Show and Tell" night 

7 JANUARY 2018 


Annual Movie Night Movie: TBA   

20 DECEMBER 2017

Annual Holiday Party

15 NOVEMBER 2017

Speaker: Christopher Espenshade, Archaeologist with Skelly and Loy, Inc.    


Context documents on the Woodland and Late Prehistoric periods of Pennsylvania make almost no use of the ethnographic data on the Indians who resided in western Pennsylvania. Pertinent data on the Senecas, the Delawares, and the Shawnees are ignored or underutilized, while these same context documents champion a settlement model focused on the year-round occupation of villages. The ethnographic data from the most relevant, direct historical analogy – the Cornplanter Senecas of Warren County – suggest that villages were not occupied year-round, and that groups completely abandoned villages for up to two months each year. At other points in the year, the village population may have doubled, as residents of other villages and nations arrived for communal activities such as fish drives, lacrosse games, or snow snake competitions. It is recommended that Pennsylvania archaeologists make better use of the Seneca ethnographic record when attempting to model late prehistoric behaviors.      

18 OCTOBER 2017

Speaker:  Dr. Kinorea Tigri, Cherokee Medicine Woman 

"Wampum-The Art of Communication"

Abstract: The Eastern Woodland & Iroquoian Indians were instrumental in bringing one form of communication with the  newcomers coming to the western hemisphere to light.  This was especially significant during the French & Indian War.  Each tribe knew how to identify their neighbors, the migrating tribes and who the messenger was.  Really important, hence, “Don’t shoot the messenger” became a cliché that really had meaning and is still used today!   Most people think of money when they hear “Wampum”.  Once it was evident with the sale of Manhattan, wampum had value. The presentation will start with the  real meaning of Wampum and how it is made.  Dr. Tigri will discuss the basics of common icons and how they are used, their meanings when used by the Wampum makers, beaders  and keepers.   

21 SEPTEMBER 2017 

Speaker: Amanda Valko 

Archaeologist, SPA Member and member of several SPA Chapters

“Out of the Fiery Forge: Public Archaeology at the Frazier Sawmill Blacksmith Shop” This program will review the public archaeology program that Amanda and her husband have been holding at Clear Creek State Park since 2005.  Several chapter members have participated in this program.  

21 JUNE 2017
Annual Chapter 22 picnic with a guest speaker!

Speaker: Carl K. Burkett, Jr.
Venango Chapter 30
Authors: Carl K. Burkett Jr, Raymond A. Stewart and William Black
Intriguing  questions are posed by discoveries of mammoth and mastodon remains and  nearby Paleo-Indian sites in the Conneaut Lake drainage, Crawford  County, Pennsylvania.  One mastodon (Mammut americanum) and six mammoths  (Mammuthus  spp.) were found in lake or marsh locations in the broad  valley dominated by Conneaut Lake and the extensive Geneva Marsh south  of the lake.  Only one of these was systematically excavated, the Sid  Hill mastodon near Conneaut Lake.   Ten Paleo-Indian sites, located on  the margins or near these landscape features, revealed such fluted point  types as Eastern Clovis, Gainey and Barnes.  These artifacts and other  tools occur as isolated finds, or in small concentrations, at  multi-component sites.  The nature and potential relationship of these  faunal discoveries and nearby Paleo-Indian sites is the focus of this  paper.

17 MAY 2017
Speaker: Dr. Beverly A. Chiarulli
Associate Professor, Retired, Indiana University of Pennsylvania

“Formal Tools and Expedient Tools: A Comparison of Lithic Tool manufacturing and use in Belize and Western Pennsylvania”
Small  flake tools have been recovered from most Maya Sites in Belize. These  are often viewed as byproducts of the lithic reduction process that were  then used when needed as expedient tools. This description of these  flakes as “expedient” rather than formal tools, suggests that these were  randomly chosen because they were at hand. However, A closer analysis  of small expedient flakes recovered from four sites (Cerros, Chau Hiix,  Maax Na, and El Pilar) in Belize has found that while many of the flakes  may have been removed during tool manufacture, the expedient tools  themselves were primarily used in a limited set of household activities  especially those associated with cutting or carving bone or wood. This  presentation describes the lithic tools in Belize and identifies some  similar patterns of tool manufacture use here in Western Pennsylvania. 

19 APRIL 2017
Speaker: Bill Black
President, Venango Chapter 30
"Uhler Farm Rockshelter…..1955"
In  1955 Merrill Sheffer, his wife and daughter excavated a rockshelter  under the supervision of a trained archaeologist.  The site yielded  hundreds of artifact from the Early Woodland period.  The artifacts were  cataloged and the pottery analyzed.  The site was thought to be  registered.  In 1969 Dr. Sue Ann Curtis included the site in the Venango  County archaeological survey conducted by Penn State.  In fact, the  site was never registered.  Bill will discuss the artifacts and  summarize the findings for us. 

15 MARCH 2017
Speaker: Brian Fritz
Principle  Archaeological Investigator for Quemahoning, LLC, a cultural resources  consulting business that specializes in industrial archaeology,  paleo-landscape geomorphology, and GIS solutions for archaeological  problems.  Mr. Fritz has earned a B.S. in geology and a B.A. in  Anthropology from Clarion University of Pennsylvania, and M.S. in  Geology at the University of Akron.  He has found GIS to be an essential  tool for completing archaeological and geological research projects.

"Digging into Quarry Sites: New Methods for Understanding Prehistoric Mined Landscapes"
Abstract:  Prehistoric quarry sites typically contain large quantities of broken  and fractured rock fragments.  Quarry pits and mine spoils often  converge and overlap, forming complex landscapes that are difficult to  unravel.  Archaeologists have struggled to find meaningful and cost  effective ways to analyze quarry sites, with marginal success.   Archaeological excavations near Glens Falls, New York uncovered evidence  of prehistoric mine pits, chert quarry debris, and bedrock surfaces  that were intensively battered with stone hammers.  The excavation used  new methods for classifying quarry sites and analyzing quarry debris.   This new approach promises to provide a better understanding of how  prehistoric quarry sites develop and evolve over time. 

15 FEBRUARY 2017

Annual "Show and Tell" night

18 JANUARY 2017

Annual "Movie Night"


21 DECEMBER 2016
Annual Christmas Party

16 NOVEMBER 2016
Speaker: Robert Oshnock

Vice President, Westmoreland Archaeological Society, Chapter 23 of the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology 

"The Consol Site, 36Wm100"  

This program will discuss two Late Prehistoric Monongahela villages that dated from 1350 AD and 1450 AD. The Westmoreland Archaeological Society has spent 16 years excavating these two villages, with the project being completed in 2015. Bob was the site director for the entire excavation.

19 OCTOBER 2016 

Speaker: Dr. Aksel Casson
Professor of Anthropology, Slippery Rock University   

"Archaeology and Native Rights at The Dakota Access Pipeline"
The October chapter meeting will consist of a presentation by Aksel Casson on the events and issues surrounding the proposed Dakota Access Pipeline, with a focus on the nature of ongoing protests against the project led by native communities.  The presentation will also include background on the relationship these native communities have to the land as a sacred space and archaeological efforts to conserve these sacred spaces.  The presentation will be followed by a panel discussion moderated by Casson and Brian Fritz in an effort to put a local spin on this important issue.

21 SEPTEMBER 2016 

Speaker: Hannah Hoskins 

SRU Junior Anthropology Major

"Mosaic Conservation at Stobi (Macedonia)" 

Hannah's talk will feature her summer fuels school experience in Macedonia. She will present techniques learned during archaeological field school training at the 4th and 5th century BC site of Stobi Macedonia.     


Summer Hiatus - no meetings     

15 JUNE 2016 

Annual Picnic!     

18 MAY 2016 

Speaker: Dr. Carl Robertson

President and CEO, Providence Plantation Foundation
"Determinants of George Washington's Route in the Connoquenessing Valley in 1753"
The most controversial segment of Washington's military route between its origin in Williamsburg, VA., and its destination at Fort LeBoeuf (and back) is in the Connoquenessing Valley. The identification of the route in this area has been held by some as impossible to determine. Some who hold this view offer instead a vague tourism corridor declare its exact historical location is unimportant.  The presentation of May 18th will offer significant evidence that the route can be identified, based on period documentation, Iroquoian travel culture, remnants of the path, and the archaeological identification of pre-historic villages, camps, and rock shelters along the course of the paths in question.

Carl Robertson, Ph.D., is the President and CEO of the Providence Plantation Foundation, a non-profit organization that specializes in the living history portrayal of significant persons who played a role in the Ohio country in the colonial and revolutionary eras of early America.     

20 APRIL 2016 

Speaker: Dr. John P. Nass, Jr.
Professor of Anthropology, California University of Pennsylvania
"Emergence of Regional Polities during the Late Prehistoric Period from Western Pennsylvania"
Evidence for emerging socio-political complexity can take several forms, such as changes in regional settlement patterns, mortuary treatment, and the emergency of craft specialization/ production. Within the Upper Ohio River Valley that includes Southwestern Pennsylvania, excavations at post AD 1400 Late Prehistoric village sites west of the Somerset Plateau and belonging to the Monongahela Tradition have revealed changes in mortuary treatment, the addition of a new artifact type the bowl, and the addition of a new form of architecture, the pedal house. The intent of this paper is to demonstrate that the occurrence of these three at only post AD 1400 village sites signals a fundamental change in the socio-political landscape resulting from an increasing need for group identity and political cohesion.     

16 MAR 2016 

Speaker: Dr. Mark McConaughy 

Regional Archaeologist for the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission's Bureau for Historic Preservation at the Bushy Run Battlefield   

"Late Woodland to Contact Period Farming Societies in the Upper Ohio Valley"
Native American adoption of intensive maize agriculture for subsistence occurs during the Late Woodland/Late Prehistoric period in western Pennsylvania, dating from roughly 500 to1000 years ago. This gave rise to village-based societies collectively called the Monongahela in southwestern Pennsylvania and McFate and Meade Island in northwestern Pennsylvania. However, most of our information about maize agriculture from Western Pennsylvania comes from Monongahela sites. Squash and gourds were part of the agricultural development and were grown long before maize horticulture started in Pennsylvania. Later additions to their diet included beans and sunflower, and although not a food crop, tobacco was also cultivated for use in various ceremonies.     

17 FEB 2016 

Annual Show and Tell night First meeting at the new location at Camp Lutherlyn     

20 JAN 2016 

Movie Night - Meeting canceled due to bad weather     

16 DEC 2015
Annual Christmas Party
No Speaker   

18 NOV 2015 

Speaker: Dr. Aksel Casson 

Professor of Anthropology, Slippery Rock University   

Dr. Casson will summarize a long-term project to establish a regional chronology for the pottery of the Sinop region of Turkey's Black Sea coast using luminescence dating.  The project's results are the first absolute chronology for the region - an improvement on pre-existing style-based ceramic chronologies.  The methods used in the analysis, a combination of thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence, were particularly well suited to regional chronology development and contribute generally to the fields of archaeometry and chronometric dating.     

21 OCT 2015
Speaker: Tom Glover 

North Fork Chapter 29 of the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology   

"Birding the Pleistocene" 

The changing environment of the Late Pleistocene impacted the avian fauna of Pennsylvania when nesting habits and migration patterns were altered by the advance of the Wisconsin glacier. These birds offered the Paleo Indians a potentially valuable food resource.His program will present a glimpse into the habitat and nature of birds and will explore how bird behavior and the dramatically changing environment during that time could have been exploited by the earliest Native Americans.

16 SEP 2015
Speaker: Dr. Lara Homsey-Messer
Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania   

"What's for Dinner? Reconstructing Diet and Cooking at Dust Cave, Alabama"
At the archaeological site of Dust Cave, a Late Paleoindian through Middle Archaic site in northwest Alabama, excellent preservation conditions have resulted in a plethora of feature types. Ranging from small charcoal pits to fired clay surfaces and hearths, the features at Dust Cave are representations of the occupants’ cooking and processing activities. This talk will explore these activities by examining traditional archaeological materials, like botanical and faunal remains, as well as utilizing some high-tech materials such as fatty acids and cholesterol. Cooking experiments offer additional information as to how the residents of Dust Cave cooked foods, and suggest a wide range of culinary techniques including roasting, broiling, steaming and parching.     

JULY 2015 and AUGUST 2015
No meeting   

17 JUNE 2015
Annual Chapter Picnic at 6 pm at the Butler Twp. Park Building. Bring a dish to share.


20 MAY 2015
Speaker: Brian L. Fritz, M.S., R.P.A.

  Principal Investigator, Quemahoning LLC
“Geospatial Reconstruction of the 1959-1960 Excavations of the Chambers Site (36LR0011), Edinburg, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania” 

Archaeological excavations at the Chambers site (36LR0011) were conducted in 1959 through 1960 by archaeologists from Carnegie Museum of Natural History and by members of the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology.  The investigation identified a Woodland Period burial mound and an 18th century Indian cemetery.  Human remains and funerary objects removed from historic graves showed strong cultural affiliations to Indian groups that were known to have settlements in western Pennsylvania during the 18th century.  The Chambers site is believed to be associated with Seneca and Delaware settlements along the Mahoning River that were collectively known as "the Kuskuskies Towns."  The Delaware Tribe of Indians is seeking to repatriate human remains and funerary objects that were removed from the Chambers Site under the authority of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA).  As part of the NAGPRA documentation, the Delaware Tribe of Indians wished to relocate the site of the excavations.  However, detailed maps showing the locations of the burial mound and Indian cemetery were not preserved in archaeological archives.  Using photographs of the archaeological excavations, GIS software, and methods of photogrammetry the locations of Carnegie Museum's excavations where reconstructed on the modern landscape.


15 APR 2015

Speaker: Bill Black
Venango Archeology Chapter 30
“The AD Wood Site: A French Creek-Phase Occupation in Western Pennsylvania”
The AD Wood site (36-Ve-176) was identified from a surface collection during a 1969 Venango County Archaeological Survey conducted by D. Sue Ann Curtis (Bebrich). A recent artifact collection from the Sugar Creek drainage suggested a Late Woodland occupation at the Wood site based on multiple triangular points and shell-tempered pottery. Following owner permission and a shovel test, Venango Archaeology, SPA Chapter 30 has completed two summers of public access archaeology. More than 160 square meters of plow-zone soil removal has exposed 30 features and multiple post mold patterns. Artifacts include chipped-stone points and utilized blades, rim sherds of probable Chataqua-ware, French Creek-phase pottery, and botanicals including maize and butternut shells. Charcoal removed from Feature #3 produced a C14 date of about AD 1250. Additional work on-site will continue during the 2015 season.

18 MAR 2105  
Speaker: Brad Pflugh
Department Chair of Social Studies at Knoch High School, part-time instructor at BC3, and Board Member to the Butler County Historical Society and for Pennsylvania Council for History Education
“Rage, Murder and Execution”
The presentation is about Sam Mohawk who murdered the Wigton family in the mid-19th century in Butler County, Pennsylvania. Mohawk was a Native American living in NY, who had a severe alcohol problem mixed with an undiagnosed psychological disorder. During his travels he massacred a wife and her children near the Old Stone House. A manhunt followed and he was captured. He is one of only two men hung in the history of Butler County. This presentation is based on Brad’s book: "Rage, Murder and Execution". Brad will bring the book with him and if possible, he will also bring the manacles used to tie Mohawk in the jail cell.

18 FEB 2015
Annual Show-n-Tell Night; Canceled due to bad weather

21 JAN 2015
Annual Movie Night: “Ice Age Columbus” 

Traditional history tells us that European settlers discovered America about the time of the Renaissance. But revolutionary new archaeological data and the latest DNA research reveal that Europeans visited our shores far earlier - some 17,000 years before Columbus was even born. Filmed in glorious high definition, this two-hour, epic drama follows an intrepid family of stone age hunters as they trek from their homeland in southwestern France, cross 3,000 miles of ocean and eventually make their first permanent settlement in what is today the northeastern U.S. Along the way, they overcome starvation and storms with the help of a revolutionary weapons technology they would later bequeath to the native peoples of the Americas. But awaiting the pioneers' arrival is a stark, empty continent, filled with a plethora of bizarre and lethal animals - all brought to life by brilliant computer animation. Firmly rooted in the latest scientific discoveries, it's a compelling vision of the greatest migration in human history.   

17 DEC 2014
Annual Christmas Party
No Speaker

19 NOV 2015 

No speaker

Movie Night: “Ice Age Death Trap”
During construction in Colorado, a bulldozer dug up a tooth so huge it had to be held in two hands. NOVA s Ice Age Death Trap reveals intimate secrets of the life and death of North America s most exotic and extreme creatures. Most tantalizing of all, the team unearths startling and controversial evidence of what may be the earliest humans ever to venture into the untamed wilderness of Ice Age America.

15 OCT 2014
Speaker: Brian Fritz
M.S., R.P.A., Principal Investigator, Quemahoning, LLC   

“Archaeological Mapping of the Spring Creek Glass Sand Works, Allegheny National Forest, Forest County,  Pennsylvania”
The Spring Creek Glass Sand Works was a glass sand manufacturing facility located in Spring Creek Valley, Forest County, PA, that operated between 1914 and 1926. Sandstone quarried from the rim of the valley was conveyed down an inclined plane to a processing plant where the sandstone was crushed, milled, washed and dried. The resulting pure silica sand was shipped across the Tionesta Valley Railroad to numerous glass making facilities that were common in western PA during the early 20th century. Ruins of the sand works are owned and managed by the USDA Forest Service as part of the Allegheny National Forest. In 2012, a cooperative partnership was formed between the Allegheny National Forest, the Jefferson County Historical Society and Quemahoning, LLC for generating a detailed map of the sand works site. The field survey recorded the location, size and shape of numerous quarry pit, mine trams, inclines and foundations. GIS was used to construct detailed maps that helped archaeologists to identify the function of various structures within the complex and the general sand manufacturing workflow. The results of the survey will help the Forest Service to make better decisions in regards to the preservation of the ruins and how to best present the story of the Spring Creek Glass Sand Works to the public.
For more information:


17 SEP 2014
Speaker: Dr. Ben Ford
Assistant Professor of Anthropology and Archaeology, IUP
“Preliminary Analysis of the Hanna's Town Collection and How it Can Help Us Present the Site to the Public”
Four decades of archaeologists, both professional and avocational, have excavated the site of Hanna's Town, Pennsylvania (ca. 1769-1810), resulting in nearly one million artifacts and tens of linear feet of documentation. Since 2010, staff and students of the lndiana University of Pennsylvania Anthropology Department have been working to create a computerized database and GIS of these data.  This work is ongoing, but sufficient data have been digitized to allow preliminary analysis.  That analysis, presented here, deals with the spatial arrangement of the site, taphonomic and collection patterns, access to goods on the frontier, the presence of specific ethnic groups, and evidence of the Revolutionary War raid that destroyed much of the town.  The results of this analysis will lead to hypotheses that can be tested once all of the data are digitized and will help inform how the site is Interpreted to the public.More information: