Speaker: Christopher Espenshade
Archaeologist with Skelly and Loy, Inc.
Program: THE CORNPLANTER SENECAS AND PRE-CONTACT SETTLEMENT MODELING
Abstract: Context documents on the Woodland and Late Prehistoric periods of Pennsylvania make almost no use of the ethnographic data on the Indians who resided in western Pennsylvania. Pertinent data on the Senecas, the Delawares, and the Shawnees are ignored or underutilized, while these same context documents champion a settlement model focused on the year-round occupation of villages. The ethnographic data from the most relevant, direct historical analogy – the Cornplanter Senecas of Warren County – suggest that villages were not occupied year-round, and that groups completely abandoned villages for up to two months each year. At other points in the year, the village population may have doubled, as residents of other villages and nations arrived for communal activities such as fish drives, lacrosse games, or snow snake competitions. It is recommended that Pennsylvania archaeologists make better use of the Seneca ethnographic record when attempting to model late prehistoric behaviors.
Social time starts at 6:30 and the program starts at 7 pm.
Meetings are held at Camp Lutherlyn.
Lutherlyn is located 40 miles north of Pittsburgh off of Route 422 between Butler and Prospect. The best routes to Route 422 are Interstate 79 or Route 8.
Meetings are held in the Redwood Building located three buildings down on the right when you get back into the main part of Lutherlyn, which is approximately a mile from the entrance off Dick Road. There is a small parking lot that says "loading & unloading" and "handicap" right next to Redwood building. There are only 5-6 spaces there, and we can use all of them, but no more than that will fit in there, so please reserve these for people that need close parking or to unload items and then move to another spot.
From the West: Take Interstate 79 to Route 422 (the Butler/New Castle exit) and head east 8.2 miles. Make a right hand turn at the 84 Lumber onto Dick Road. The main entrance to the camp is 1.5 miles down the road. The camp driveway will take you directly to the main parking lot and the camp office.
From the East: Take Route 8 to Route 422 and head west (towards New Castle) 7 miles to the 84 Lumber. Make a left hand turn on to Dick Road. The main entrance is 1.5 miles down the road. The camp driveway will take you directly to the main parking lot and the camp office.
The GPS address is:
500 Lutherlyn Lane
Butler, PA 16001
We welcome everyone to meetings and we encourage attendees to bring artifacts. Several of our members are professional archaeologists and each has a specialty that can help in artifact identification.
Meetings are free and open to the public.
It is not necessary to be an archaeologist to attend our meetings or to join our Chapter. You only need to be interested in history and archaeology. At each meeting we have a guest speaker who will present research from an archaeological site where he or she has worked.
We meet on the third Wednesday of each month, except July and August. Our meetings are currently being held at Camp Lutherlyn in Prospect, PA.
It is not necessary to be an archaeologist to join the Society for
Pennsylvania Archaeology. The membership of SPA is comprised of both professional and avocational archaeologists. Many other scientific disciplines and professions are also represented in the SPA membership.